133 stats on 5K running races in the US

Posted on 20 November, 2019 by Vania Nikolova

5k Stats Page

 

The purpose of this page is to provide detailed stats about the 5Ks in the US. Feel free to use this information as long as you link to the original source. 

 

The data for this statistics page is a result of the collaboration between the IAAF and RunRepeat.com. The stats about the 5-kilometer runs has been compiled and presented by Vania Nikolova, Ph.D. in Mathematical analysis. 

If you want to compare your finish time with the rest of your fellow US citizens, you can use our calculator

 

5K races participation stats for the United States

Number of 5k race participants in the United States per annum: 2,616,876

  • Participation in 5Ks has increased by 740% between 2000 and 2016 (from 330,316 participants per year to 2,776,331)
  • In the last 3 years, there's a decline of 6% (from 2,776,331 participants to 2,616,876).

 

participation trend US 5K

 

Year 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Participation 1,174,033 1,447,015 1,814,174 2,264,431 2,599,994
Year 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Participation 2,775,884 2,775,137 2,776,331 2,715,633 2,616,876

 

Percentage of female runners in 5-kilometer races: 61.2% (1,601,696 out of 2,616,876 runners)

  • In the last 18 years, there are more female than male runners in the 5K races. 
  • Female participation has increased by 876% since 2000 (from 164,077 to 1,601,696 participants per year)
  • Male participation has increased by 511% (from 166,239 to 1,015,180 participants per year).

 

participation by gender 5K US

 

  • Female participation has declined by 6% since 2016 (from 1,710,395 to 1,601,696 participants)
  • Male participation is in decline since 2013. It has declined by 8% since then (from 1,104,688 to 1,015,180 participants).

 

Year

2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Female participation 650,552 820,531 1,049,746 1,331,213 1,553,959
Male participation 566,751 626,484 837,339 933,218 1,104,688

Year

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Female participation 1,683,388 1,702,696 1,710,395 1,668,291 1,601,696
Male participation 1,092,496 1,066,462 1,065,936 1,038,607 1,015,180

 

  • Increase in the proportion of women runners: More than 10% over the past 19 years.

 

gender distribution chart US 5k

 

Year 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
% Women 56.7% 57.7% 58.7% 59.5% 60.8%
% Men 43.3% 42.3% 41.3% 40.5% 39.2%
Year 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
% Women 61.5% 61.7% 61.6% 61.0% 61.0%
% Men 38.5% 38.3% 38.4% 39.0% 39.0%

 

  • The biggest decline in participation in the last 5 years is among the women in their 20s and 30s.
  • The only age group that has increased continuously is of the participants over 50. 

 

female participation by age group

 

Year 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
<20 5.2% 5.2% 5.0% 4.9% 5.2%
20-29 24.2% 24.0% 24.2% 24.3% 22.2%
30-39 29.1% 29.3% 29.5% 29.9% 29.0%
40-49 23.3% 23.4% 23.5% 23.2% 24.0%
50-59 13.1% 13.1% 13.0% 12.8% 14.1%
>60 5.0% 5.0% 4.9% 4.8% 5.5%
Year 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
<20 5.0% 4.9% 4.6% 4.5% 4.1%
20-29 20.9% 20.1% 20.0% 19.7% 19.1%
30-39 28.6% 27.9% 27.4% 27.0% 27.2%
40-49 24.5% 24.6% 24.4% 24.1% 24.1%
50-59 15.1% 15.9% 16.3% 16.7% 17.0%
>60 6.0% 6.7% 7.2% 7.9% 8.5%

 

  • The sharpest decline in male participation is among the participants between 20 and 50.
  • There's an increase among the male participants over 60.

 

male participation 5K US by age

 

Year 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
<20 29,156 34,654 42,055 50,835 57,021
20-29 103,353 126,022 156,017 194,298 213,159
30-39 140,969 169,655 209,012 258,229 288,003
40-49 132,021 155,344 187,649 226,849 255,203
50-59 81,851 97,144 116,982 139,931 159,914
>60 36,131 43,663 52,714 63,076 72,734
Year 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
<20 59,376 58,165 56,477 54,485 51,218
20-29 214,294 197,683 192,072 187,061 180,464
30-39 296,804 282,928 275,955 267,508 259,002
40-49 268,122 266,187 263,714 255,803 244,037
50-59 173,295 180,395 184,772 184,784 180,242
>60 80,604 87,082 92,945 97,701 100,216

 

5 kilometer races - finish time statistics in the US

Average 5k finish time: 39:02 mins

  • The average finish time of 5K runners has increased by 14.7% (from 34:02 min to 39:02 min).

 

finish time trend 5K US

 

Year 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Average finish time 35:30 35:42 36:02 36:44 37:12
Year 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Average finish time 37:34 37:45 38:19 38:41 39:02

 

  • Average 5k finish time for men: 35:22 min
  • Average 5k finish time for women: 41:21
  • Both of the sexes have slowed down.
  • Men have slowed down more - 15.9% (from 30:30 min to 35:22 min).
  • Women have slowed down by 10% (from 37:36 to 41:21 min).

 

finish time 5k us by gender

 

Year 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Female 38:13 38:20 38:31 39:02 39:27
Male 32:12 32:17 32:56 33:27 34:06
Year 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Female 39:47 39:59 40:34 40:59 41:21
Male 34:09 34:26 34:42 35:15 35:22

 

  • The younger female participants have slowed down more than the older ones in general.
  • The youngest female participants have slowed down by 12% (from 34:30 to 38:38 min).
  • The ones in their 20s have slowed down by 8.1% (from 35:51 to 38:44 min).
  • The ones in their 30s have slowed down by 10.7% (from 36:21 to 40:13 min).
  • The ones in their 40s have slowed down by 7.3% (from 38:51 to 41:40 min).
  • The participants in their 50s have slowed down by just 0.3% (from 43:48 to 43:57 min).
  • The participants over 60 have slowed down just by 1.5% (from 47:58 to 48:41 min).

 

female finish times by age group 5k us

 

Year 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
<20 35:15 35:37 35:46 36:08 36:34
20-29 36:05 36:14 36:38 37:29 37:52
30-39 37:32 37:35 37:49 38:30 38:53
40-49 38:42 38:49 38:54 39:18 39:42
50-59 42:40 42:38 42:22 42:12 42:22
>60 47:50 47:56 47:40 47:24 47:34
Year 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
<20 36:56 37:13 37:45 38:06 38:38
20-29 37:59 37:48 38:12 38:27 38:44
30-39 39:07 39:10 39:39 39:57 40:13
40-49 40:05 40:22 40:56 41:20 41:40
50-59 42:35 42:51 43:18 43:38 43:57
>60 47:44 47:57 48:18 48:33 48:41

 

  • Men - all age groups have slowed down similarly.
  • The youngest participants have added 15.5% to their average (from 27:15 to 31:28 min).
  • The participants in their 20s have slowed down by 13.1% (from 29:27 to 33:19 min).
  • The ones in their 30s - by 15.4% (from 30:00 to 34:36 min).
  • The ones in their 40s - by 16.5% (from 30:23 to 35:24 min).
  • The ones in their 50s - by 12.9% (from 32:24 to 36:24 min)
  • The ones over 60 - by 16.9% (from 34:49 to 40:42 min).

 

male finish times 5K US

 

Year 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
<20 28:16 28:38 28:56 29:35 29:59
20-29 30:33 30:42 31:18 32:33 32:58
30-39 31:48 31:54 32:23 33:24 33:50
40-49 32:04 32:15 32:35 33:17 33:45
50-59 33:48 33:55 33:59 34:18 34:37
>60 37:39 37:44 37:46 38:05 38:31
Year 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
<20 30:25 30:30 30:57 31:05 31:28
20-29 33:00 32:32 32:54 33:06 33:19
30-39 33:56 33:44 34:09 34:23 34:36
40-49 34:07 34:17 34:45 35:06 35:24
50-59 34:58 35:19 35:48 36:12 36:34
>60 38:57 39:27 40:00 40:23 40:42

 

Age stats for US 5K runs

Average age of 5k runners: 40.1 years old

Average age of male 5k runners: 40.9 years old

Average age of female 5k runners: 39.6 years old

  • There is a decline in participants in their 30s and an increase in participants over 50.

age distribution 5k US

 

Year 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
<20 5.2% 5.2% 5.0% 4.9% 5.2%
20-29 24.2% 24.0% 24.2% 24.3% 22.2%
30-39 29.1% 29.3% 29.5% 29.9% 29.0%
40-49 23.3% 23.4% 23.5% 23.2% 24.0%
50-59 13.1% 13.1% 13.0% 12.8% 14.1%
>60 5.0% 5.0% 4.9% 4.8% 5.5%
Year 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
<20 5.0% 4.9% 4.6% 4.5% 4.1%
20-29 20.9% 20.1% 20.0% 19.7% 19.1%
30-39 28.6% 27.9% 27.4% 27.0% 27.2%
40-49 24.5% 24.6% 24.4% 24.1% 24.1%
50-59 15.1% 15.9% 16.3% 16.7% 17.0%
>60 6.0% 6.7% 7.2% 7.9% 8.5%

 

  • For this reason, there is an increase in the average age of participants.
  • The average age of female participants has risen more than males.
  • For women, there is an increase of 12.4% in their average age (from 35.25 to 39.6 years)
  • For men - an increase of 5% (from 38.97 to 40.92 years).

 

average age 5k US

 

Year 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
F 36.26 36.35 36.39 36.44 37.11
M 39.06 38.98 38.76 38.58 39.36
Average 37.47 37.46 37.37 37.30 37.99
Year 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
F 37.72 38.22 38.62 39.04 39.60
M 39.80 40.14 40.30 40.61 40.92
Average 38.52 38.95 39.26 39.65 40.12

 

Recreational records in 5K runs in the United States

American recreational 5k record: 15:37

American recreational female 5k record: 16:34

  • The record recreational finish times have actually gone slightly down over the last 10 years.
  • The fastest women are now 4 seconds faster.
  • The fastest men have improved by 11 seconds.
  • And overall - by 7 seconds.

 

Year 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
F 00:16:38 00:16:38 00:16:37 00:16:36 00:16:37
M 00:15:48 00:15:47 00:15:44 00:15:41 00:15:43
Average 00:16:09 00:16:09 00:16:07 00:16:05 00:16:06
Year 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
F 00:16:36 00:16:35 00:16:35 00:16:35 00:16:34
M 00:15:41 00:15:40 00:15:38 00:15:38 00:15:37
Average 00:16:05 00:16:04 00:16:02 00:16:02 00:16:02

 

Percentile Women Men
1st percentile 00:19:29 00:17:49
10th percentile 00:25:16 00:22:06
20th percentile 00:28:10 00:24:38
30th percentile 00:30:41 00:26:48
40th percentile 00:33:20 00:28:56
50th percentile 00:36:24 00:31:18
60th percentile 00:40:14 00:34:15
70th percentile 00:45:05 00:38:17
80th percentile 00:50:25 00:44:24
90th percentile 00:56:31 00:53:22

 

Other stats

Who is the typical 5K runner

Average US female runner

Demographics

  • Average Age: 39.6
  • 61.9 % Married
  • 78.7 % College educated
  • 69.0 % Earn a household income of $75,000+

Running History

  • Average number of years running: 11 years
  • Average number of running events participated in during the last 12 months: 7 events
  • 53.9% have completed 1 marathon or more in their lifetime

Running Routine

  • 74.7 % Run/Jog 4+ hours each week
  • 80.1 % run 12 months a year
  • Average number of days run per week: 4.1
  • Average number of miles run per week: 23
  • 64.8 % describe themselves as Frequent/Fitness Runners

Motivation

  • Primary motivation to start running: For Exercise (25.3%)
  • Weight Concerns (13.8%)
  • Motivation to continue to run: Staying in Shape (75.5%)
  • Staying Healthy (74.8%)
  • Relieving Stress (62.4%)

Health

  • Average Weight: 136.2
  • Average Body Mass Index (BMI): 22.6
  • 43.0% are content with their weight
  • 44.7% are content with their fitness level

 

Average US male runner

Demographics

  • Average Age: 40.9
  • 73.5% Married
  • 78.8% College educated
  • 76.4% Earn a household income of $75,000+

Running History

  • Average number of years running: 16 years
  • Average number of running events participated in during the last 12 months: 9 events
  • 67.9% have completed 1 marathon or more in their lifetime

Running Routine

  • 79.2% Run/Jog 4+ hours each week 8
  • 2.5% run 12 months a year
  • Average number of days run per week: 4.5
  • Average number of miles run per week: 29.5
  • 55.8% describe themselves as Frequent/Fitness Runners’ and 32.7% as “Serious Competitive Runners’

Motivation

  • Primary motivation to start running: For Exercise (22.0%),
  • Competed in School and Never Stopped (15.2%)
  • Motivation to continue to run: Staying in Shape (75.2%), 
  • Staying Healthy (70.8%)
  • Having Fun (58.9%)

Health

  • Average Weight: 171.2
  • Average Body Mass Index (BMI): 24.2
  • 47.7% are content with their weight
  • 45.9% are content with their fitness level

 

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Author
https://cdn.runrepeat.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/Vania_Nikolova.jpeg
Vania Nikolova

Vania holds a Ph.D. in Mathematical Analysis and is passionate about data, which allows her to dig deep to and uncover hidden trends. She is deeply passionate about Obstacle Course Racing (OCR), and has earned a Spartan Trifecta medal. With 10 years of experience in weightlifting and martial arts and over 200+ books read on nutrition and dieting, she brings unrivaled expertise and critical perspective on all things exercise and training. Her work has been featured on NPR, Washington Post, Shape, Prevention and many others.

vania@runrepeat.com